The theory and practice of self-determined learning that focuses on the importance of knowing how to learn as a key skill for the 21st century.
It builds on the self-directed principles of androgogy in which students develop their own learning skills. However in heutagogy learning moves from self-direction to self-determination. The role of the teacher is to facilitate learning and students take responsibility for creating their own learning pathway by choosing what they want to learn setting learning goals and choosing the most appropriate method of learning to them. In doing so students develop the capability to become autonomous and lifelong learners. Key concepts in heutagogy include double-loop learning and self-reflection. Heuatagogy can be applied to emerging technologies such as learning via social media and provides a framework for learning in the digital age.