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Exempt Charities

14 Aug 2019 | The Charity Commission for England and Wales has updated its Guidance on exempt charities. The revised guidance contains updated details of the principal regulators of exempt charities, and includes information about recent regulations that have come into force. Many higher education providers are exempt charities. The guidance offers a helpful overview of which parts of charity law apply to exempt charities and how exempt charities are regulated.

The Charity Commission for England and Wales has updated its Guidance on Exempt Charities (CC23).

Relevance to the higher education sector

The majority of higher education providers in England and Wales are exempt charities. Only a small number of providers are charities and registered with the Charity Commission.

 

What is an exempt charity?

The guidance confirms the charitable status of exempt charities and that they are required to comply with charity law.

Exempt charities are not registered with the Charity Commission. They are regulated by a principal regulator and can only be investigated by the Commission as a part of a statutory inquiry at the request of the principal regulator.

 

Principal regulators for higher education

The principal regulator for exempt charities in England is the Office for Students (OfS), and in Wales the Higher Education Funding Council for Wales.

Each regulator has agreed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Charity Commission as to how the two bodies will work together to share information and regulate the relevant exempt charities. Details of the new MoU between the Charity Commission and the OfS have recently been published.

 

How are exempt charities regulated?

The exempt charities’ principal regulator is the body responsible for regulating the charity under the relevant legal framework.

A principal regulator:

  • must promote charity trustees’ compliance with charity law
  • checks charity law compliance
  • can ask the Commission to open a statutory inquiry into an exempt charity
  • works with the Commission to make sure exempt charities are accountable to the public
  • receives any reports of matters of material significance made by the auditor of an exempt charity

 

Responsibilities of trustees of exempt charities

All charity trustees, including trustees of exempt charities, share the same general duties and responsibilities. These include:

  • Ensuring the charity is carrying out its purposes for public benefit;
  • Complying with the charities governing documents and the law;
  • Acting in the charities best interests; and
  • Acting with reasonable skill and care

 

Specific matters or topics

Specific matters and topics included the Charities Commission guidance include:

  • Accounts, auditing and annual reports;
  • Land disposals and mortgages;
  • Rules on disqualification of trustees and senior staff;
  • Funding raising; and
  • Financial benefits for exempt charities

 

Conclusion

The Charity Commission’s updated guidance on exempt charities offers a useful introduction and overview for the trustees of higher education providers which are exempt charities, as well as professional staff working in the area of governance.

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